Notebook, 1993-

MATERIALS & METHODS - A Perspective on Art Education - Activities for Children - Themes & Topics

Drawing & Painting -- Modeling & Sculpting

Fingerpainting -- Mural Making -- Paper-Mâché -- Puppets -- Mask-Making -- Crayon Encaustics -- Crayon Resist Drawing -- Crayon Sgraffito -- Collage -- Mobiles -- Watercolor -- Common Earth Clay -- Salt Ceramic [recipe] -- Clay / plasticene Non-hardening -- Carving in the Round -- Newspaper Modeling -- Paraffin or Wax Sculpture -- Plaster Plaques or Reliefs -- Relief in Plaster -- Relief in Soft Wood -- Concret or Zonolite Sculpting -- Repoussé -- Sandcasting -- Working With the Coping Saw or Jigsaw -- Straw/Toothpick Sculpting -- Painting on Window Glass -- Diorama -- Peep Shows -- Whittling -- Wire Sculpture

[From: [Meaning in Crafts. Mattil,, Edward L. Chairman, Dept. of Art, North Texas State University. Third Edition, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1971.]


The collage is a type of abstraction made with fragments of many types of materials pasted or fastened together into an artistic composition of contrasting textures. Widespread use of such materials first appeared during World War I, when artists and teachers found themselves compelled to experiment with substitute materials because good art supplies were scarce. This forced improvisation led to a new and interesting phase of experimental art, many fine examples of which are exhibited in our major galleries. The later work of Matisse, for example, shows the great effect of the collage upon contemporary art.

Inexpensive, so-called waste materials and odds and ends, buttons, costume jewelry, ribbons, sequins, brickback, fabric scraps, and so on are invaluable in the average classroom. To these are added the natural materials. All of these are best arranged in separate boxes, so that similar types are grouped together. The child quickly learns the special features and uses of individual materials, and he is able to develop a tactile sense, along with his visual sense, that helps him to distinguish between them. All first projects in collage generally result from simple, spontaneous ideas excited by the materials, and they may often turn into representational projects. The later collage experiments with older children can be guided, and many of the principles of design can be incorporated indirectly and emphasized as the need arises. Collage problems in mood or in opposites are good ones to work in. Urge the children to express their feelings through a sensitive selection of colors, sizes, and shapes, and by the placement of elements on the cardboard background. The problem of opposites will help make the children more sensitive to the different kinds of materials. A problem that encourage them to place large against small, light against dark, shiny against dull, rough against smooth, and thick against thin will help accomplish this purpose.

[Meaning in Crafts. Mattil,, Edward L. Chairman, Dept. of Art, North Texas State University. Third Edition, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1971.]



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