Notebook, 1993-

MODES - Cognition and Creativity - Enhancing Creativity


Invention, Change, Effect . . . . Originality . . . . Definition, Renewal, Transformation . . . . Discovery, New, etc. - To Found/Contrive; Evolve/Produce - Make, Do, Occasion, Derive, Extract, Initiate, Constitute, Cause, Perform, Arrange, Constitute, Fabricate, Begin, Take, etc . . . . Process, Innovation, Productivity . . . .

To bring into existence . . . . The act of bringing the world into ordered existence . . . . To invest with a new form, office, or rank . . . . To produce or bring about by a course of action or imaginative skill: Cause, Occasion

Developments may proceed through personal appreciation of the arts and art works on a very general level . . . . or may proceed specific to a discipline [i.e., Oil Painting, Photography, Intaglio, etc.] or disciplines . . . . or may proceed with focus upon categories of visual arts experience [i.e., aims and objectives involved with visual elements and relationships] . . . . or may proceed specific to a Historic, Cultural, Practical, Theoretical, or Topical focus.

C O N S I D E R:









Bring about






Perform for first time














Stages of Creative Thought A good summary of the sequence of events in creative thinking proposes five stages that usually occur. Of course, creative thought is not always so neat. Nevertheless, the stages listed are a good summary of the Most typical sequence of events in creative thinking

l. Orientation. As a first step, the problem must be defined and important dimensions identified.

2. Preparation. In the second stage, creative thinkers saturate themselves with as much information pertaining to the problem as possible.

3. Incubation. Most major problems produce a period during which all attempted solutions will have proved futile. At this point, problem solving may proceed on a subconscious level: While the problem seems to have been set aside, it is still "cooking" in the background.

4. Illumination. The stage of incubation is often ended by a rapid insight or series of insights. These produce the "Aha!" experience, often depicted in cartoons as a light bulb appearing over the thinker's head.

5. Verification. The final step is to test and critically evaluate the solution obtained during the stage of illumination. If the solution proves faulty, the thinker reverts to the stage of incubation, inquiry, observation, expression

[Coon, Dennis. Introduction to Psychology, Exploration and Application. St. Paul: West Publishing Company, 1989. Learning & Cognition]

R  E  F  E  R  E  N  C  E  S 
1 Create vb [ME, fr. L creatus, pp. of creare; akin to L cr escere to grow -more at Crescent] vt [14c] 1: to bring into existence [God created the heaven and the earth -Gen I:1 [AV] 2a: to invest with a new form, office, or rank [was createted a lieutenant] b: to produce or bring about by a course of action: Cause, Occasion [famine __s high food prices] ba: to produce through imaginative skill [__ a painting] b: Design [__s dresses] -vi: to make or bring into existence something new

2 Create adj [15c] archaic: created

Creative adj [1678] 1: marked by the ability or power to create: given to creating [the __ implulse] 2: having the quality of something created rather than imitated: imaginative [the __ arts] 3: managed so as to get around legal or conventional limits [__ financing]: also: deceptively arranged so as to conceal or defraud [__ accounting]

Creativity n [1875] 1: the quality of being creative 2: the ability to create

Creation n [14c] 1: the act of creating; esp: the act of bring the world into ordered existence 2: the act of making, inventing, or producing; as a: the act of investing with a new rank or office b: the first representation of a dramatic role 3: something that is created: as a: World b: creature singly or in aggregate c: an original work of art d: a new usu. striking article of clothing

Creator n [13c]: one that creates usu. by bringing something new or original into being; esp. cap: God]

Creationism n [1880]: a doctrine or theory holding that matter, the various forms of life, and the world were created by God out of nothing and usu. in the way described in Genesis -compare Evolution4b

Creation science n [1979]: Creationism; also: scientific evidence or arguments put forth in support of creationsim

Creative evolution n [1909]: evolution that is a creative product of a vital force rather than a spontaneous process explicable in terms of scientific laws -compare Emergent Evolution

[Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th Edition. Springfield, MA, USA: Merriam-Webster, Inc. 1995.]

Creativity 1. the state or quality of being creative. 2. creative ability or process.

Create. 1. to cause to come into being, as something unique that would not naturally evolve or that is not made by ordinary processes: God created Eve from one of Adam's ribs. 2. to evolve form a person's own thought or imagination, as a work of art, an invention, etc. 3. Theat. to perform [a role] for the first time or in the first production of a play. 4. to make by investing with new functions, rank, character, etc.; constitute; appoint: to create a peer. 5. to be the cause or occasion of: give rise to. 6. to cause to happen; bring about; arrange, as by intention or design: He wanted to create an opportunity to ask for a raise in his allowance; to create a revolution. 7. to do something creative or constructive. -adj. 8. Archaic. created. [ME creat (ptp.) < L Creát(us) = creá- (s. of creáre to make) + -tus ptp. suffix] -Syn. originate, invent.

Originate 1. to take or have origin or rise; arise; spring. 2. (of a train, bus, or other public conveyance) to begin its scheduled run at a specified place. 3. to give origin or rise to; initiate, [prob. back formation from origination < L orâginátion- (s. of originátió). See origin, -ation] -Syn. 3. See discover.

Origin. 1. the source from which anything arises or is derived. 2. the rise or derivation of something from a particular source. 3. the first stage of existence; beginning. 4. birth or parentage; extraction: Scottish origin. 5. Anat. a. the point of derivation. b. the more fixed portion of a muscle. 6. Math. a. the point in a Cartesian coordinate system where the axes intersect. b. the point from which rays designating specific angles originate in a polar coordinate system with no axes. [ME < L orín- (s. of orígo) beginning, source, rise < orírí to rise] -Syn. 1. root, foundation. 4. ancestry, lineage, descent. -Ant. 1. destination, end.

Invent. 1. to originate as a product of one's own device or contrivance: to invent a machine. 2. to produce or create with the imagination: to invent a story. 3. to make up or fabricate [something fictitious or false]: to invent excuses. 4. Obs. to come upon; find [late ME invente < L invent(us) found (ptp. of inveníre) = in- IN- + ven- come + -tus ptp. suffix] -Syn. 1. device, contrive. See discover. 3. concoct.

[Urdang, Laurence, ed. Random House Dictionary of The English Language. New York: Random House,1968.]



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