Notebook, 1993-




A writing material prepared from the stem of the marsh plant of the same name, growing in antiquity principally in Egypt and now in the Sudan. It was used in Egypt from the third millennium BC onwards and was the standard writing material in ancient Greece and throughout the Roman empire. From the 4th cent. AD onwards it was increasingly replaced by parchment though it continued to be used, for example in the Papal Chancery, until the 10th cent. Illustrated papyri survive from the Middle and New Kingdoms (Egypt) and there are a few fragmentary examples of illuminated Classical texts as well as, for example, weavers' patterns.

[Chilvers, Ian, Harold Osborne, and Dennis Farr, eds. Oxford Dictionary Of Art. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.]



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