Notebook, 1993-


Sostenuto / Sustained

Hold, uphold, support, bear up . . . . Undergo without yeilding . . . . Keep, supply, provide for, confirm, corroborate . . . . Carry, maintain, nurture, back, abet, help, establish, ratify . . . .

R  E  F  E  R  E  N  C  E  S 
Sustain v.t. 1. to support, hold, or bear up from below. 2. to bear [a burden, charge, etc.]. 3. to undergo [injury, loss, etc.] without yielding. 4. to keep [a person, the mind, the spirits, etc.] from giving way. 5. to keep up or keep going, as an action or process. 6. to supply with food, drink, and other necessities of life. 7. to provide for [an institution or the like]. 8. to support [a cause or the like] by aid or approval. 9. to uphold as valid, just or correct, as a claim or the person making it. 10. to confirm or corroborate. [ME sust(i)n(en) < Af, OF susteni(r) < L sustinére to uphold = sus- SUS- + -tinére, var. of tenére to hold] -Syn. 1. carry. See support. 3. bear. 5. maintain. 6. nurture; back, abet, help. 10. establish, ratify. [Urdang, Laurence, ed. Random House Dictionary of The English Language. New York: Random House, 1968.]



The contents of this site, including all images and text, are for personal, educational, non-commercial use only. The contents of this site may not be reproduced in any form without proper reference to Text, Author, Publisher, and Date of Publication [and page #s when suitable].